A historic review

The spirit of the particular time has to be associated with the reigning world outlook; with something that makes people to feel home at their time and to feel confident with their fate. From the ancient times and up to the 18th century the sense of a certain confidence could have been broadly associated with religion, which controlled the lives of population, gave them some comfort and promised salvation provided they followed the religious rules. The particular divinities from this time on changed from the pagan Gods to the Almighty Christian God. But the pattern of beliefs and especially the hope of salvation had an immense effect. Even the most vicious sinners and killers asked for absolution before death hoping for salvation. The deep belief was an essential source of stability which allowed to retain and keep social order and gave a special flavor to the everyday life despite all vicissitude. Arts has always been a reflection of ideals held sacred by the population. The Egyptian art with its numerous Gods- half man half beast just reflected the deep rooted belief that this life was to be an introduction to the future life, and that unknown must have terrible features. The Greeks saw the ideal not in horrible beasts but in human shape which they considered perfect, and their Gods had been very human both in the outer shape, and even in their behavior and their escapades. Symmetry, grace and truth- fullness are typical for this type of art. The Christianity changed the ideals and by repudiating all life joys put the emphasis on sinless and holy life stile which promised a lot of rewards afterwards in the opposite case hell and torments were promised. The inner world of a man shrank, the hermit substituted the athlete as an ideal; everything live-supporting, strong and gay was suppressed; the thought that human life on earth is just a transitory stage dominated, and it was supposed that human aim should be busy with sin evasion. In the next phase associated with the Renaissance the ideal of art is again elevated to the ancient examples. Despite that most of the artists were often working for the church, the spiritual images presented are full of life. The beauty of the human body is rediscovered. Nature painting is depicted with great skill and deep penetration. While the topics of art change time and again, the drastic modification of the old traditions finds new ways when the time is ripe. This happened in the second half of 19th century by the appearance of the impressionism movement. The impressionists were trying to concentrate on the immediate, momentary state of their subject, would it be a landscape or a scene. From this moment on the further development of art went with incredible speed. Until finally Malevich presented his famous black quadrate-some kind of a black hole in art. The significance of this act consists in an announcement that the fine arts we've known before are dead. However art as a means of world cognition whatever the styles and currents can never cease. As long as humanity exists art will exist.

Time table
The impact of social aspects
The Greek philosophy and art
The Christian period
17th-18th Century
19th Century
20th Century
A Historic Review
An attempt to grasp the term beauty
Modern times
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